Agreement Or Accord Dan Word
September 10, 2021
If your word has anagrams, these are also listed with a definition of the word, if we have one. The United States launched the European Economic Recovery Plan (Marshall Plan) to provide significant financial and economic assistance for the reconstruction of Europe, mainly through grants, not loans. Countries that are part of the Soviet bloc, for example. B Poland, were invited to receive the subsidies, but obtained a favourable agreement with the COMECON of the Soviet Union.  In a speech at Harvard University on June 5, 1947, U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall stated that the IMF was attempting to impose periodic discontinuous exchange rate adjustments (changes in a member`s nominal value) through an international agreement. Member States were allowed to adjust their exchange rate by 1%. This tended to restore the balance of their trade by increasing their exports and reducing imports. This would only be permissible in the event of a fundamental imbalance. A decrease in the value of a country`s money has been called a devaluation, while an increase in the value of the country`s money has been called a revaluation. Post-war global capitalism suffered from a huge shortage of dollars.
The U.S. had huge trade surpluses, and U.S. reserves were huge and growing. It was necessary to reverse this river. Although all nations wanted to buy American exports, the dollars had to leave the United States and be available for international use so that they could do so. In other words, the US should reverse the imbalances in global prosperity by presenting a trade deficit financed by FLOWS of US reserves to other nations (US financial balance deficit). The U.S. could have a financial deficit, either by importing, building facilities, or donating to foreign nations. Remember that speculative investments were discouraged by the Bretton Woods agreement. Importing from other nations was not attractive in the 1950s, as American technology was up to date at that time.
This is how multinationals and global aid from the United States were born.  As chief international economist at the U.S. Treasury, Harry Dexter White designed in 1942-44 the U.S. plan for access to liquidity at the international level, which competed with Keynes` plan for the British Treasury. Overall, White`s scheme tended to favour incentives to bring price stability to global economies, while Keynes wanted a system that promoted economic growth. The “collective agreement was a huge international undertaking” for which it was prepared two years before the conference. These were numerous bilateral and multilateral meetings to find common ground on the policy of the Bretton Woods system. The Bretton Woods rules, set out in the treaty articles of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), provide for a system of fixed exchange rates. The rules also aimed to promote an open system by requiring members to convert their respective currencies into other currencies and to free trade.
A devastated Britain had little choice. Two world wars had destroyed the country`s main industries, which paid to import half of the country`s food and almost all its raw materials except coal. The British had no choice but to ask for help. It was not until the United States signed an agreement on December 6, 1945, to provide $4.4 billion in aid to Britain that the British Parliament ratified the Bretton Woods Agreements (which was done later in December 1945).  The agreement does not provide for the creation of international reservations . . .