India And Russia Agreement
April 10, 2021
In the 1980s, despite the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by Sikh separatists by Sikh separatists, a pillar of Indo-Soviet friendly relations, India maintained close relations with the Soviet Union. Recalling the high priority of relations with the Soviet Union in Indian foreign policy, the new Indian Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi, visited the Soviet Union during his first state visit abroad in May 1985 and signed two long-term economic agreements with the Soviet Union. According to Rejaul Karim Laskar, a scholar of Indian foreign policy, During this visit, Rajiv Gandhi developed a personal relationship with Soviet Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev.  In return, Gorbachev`s first visit to a third world state was his meeting with Rajiv Gandhi in New Delhi at the end of 1986. Secretary-General Gorbachev unsuccessfully urged Rajiv Gandhi to help the Soviet Union establish an Asian collective security system. Gorbachev`s support for this proposal, which was also made by Leonid Brezhnev, was an indication of the continued Soviet interest in using close relations with India as a means of containing China. With the improvement of Sino-Soviet relations in the late 1980s, China`s containment was less of a priority, but close ties with India remained important as an example of Gorbachev`s new Third World policy. After signing a basic Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) with the United States, India gained access to encrypted communication systems for transparent communication. In March 2019, the Navy and the U.S.
Navy signed a loan agreement and installed two Pacific fleets provided CENTRIXS (Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System) kits at Indian Navy Headquarters. The debate is about installing more systems at different locations and platforms, while officials did not want to give a precise figure. With logistics pacts, these will greatly improve interoperability. Historically, there is a long history of space cooperation between the Soviet Union and India. For example, Aryabhata was India`s first satellite, named after an Indian astronomer of the same name.  It was launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1975 by Kapustin Yar with a 3M cosmos launcher. The only Indian who visited space, Rakesh Sharma, was also created by the Soviet Union. Two bilateral agreements in space were signed during President Vladimir Putin`s visit to India in December 2004. Interstate Cooperation Agreement on Space Cooperation for Peaceful Purposes and Russian Space Agency Cooperation Agreement on the GLONASS Satellite Radio navigation System. Subsequently, a number of follow-up agreements on GLONASS were signed.
In November 2007, the two countries signed a joint exploration agreement for the Moon. These space cooperation programmes are being implemented.