Panchsheel Agreement Principles
December 14, 2020
1) The Bandung Conference in April 1955 accepted the five principles, although they were not mentioned in the final communiqué. They were replaced by the “Ten Principles,” which Zhou En-lai considered only “the expansion and development of the five principles of peaceful coexistence.” 2) The Afro-Asian States regarded the five principles both as a protection against the hegemonic intervention of the two superpowers and as a measure of good international behaviour between all States. The five principles of peaceful coexistence, known as the Panchsheel Treaty: non-interference in other internal affairs and respect for the territorial integrity of the unity and sovereignty of the other (from Sanskrit, Panch: five, just: virtues) are a set of principles to govern relations between states. The agreement provides that “do not interfere in the internal affairs of the other.” On Saturday, Chinese President Xi Jinping of Myanmar will welcome Myanmar President Thein Sein and Indian Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the “Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence” or Panchsheel. The Five Principles, an important pillar of China`s foreign policy, were originally conceived in 1954 by India`s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and China`s first Prime Minister, Zhou Enlai. The principles became known in 1955 at the Bandung Conference, which prepared the stage for the blockless movement. The Chinese government will hold the event commemorating the 60th anniversary of its valued foreign policy principles in the Great Hall of the People, reports The Hindu. The five principles were taken up in a modified form in a ten-principle declaration issued in April 1955 at the Asian-African Historical Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, which, more than any other meeting, did to form the idea that post-colonial states have something special to offer the world. “A resolution on peaceful coexistence, jointly presented by India, Yugoslavia and Sweden, was unanimously adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1957.  The five principles, as adopted in Colombo and elsewhere, formed the basis of the un allianceless movement founded in 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.  Their first formal treaty codification took place in 1954 in the context of an agreement between China and India – the trade and transport agreement (exchange of notes) between the Tibet region of China and India, signed in Beijing on April 29, 1954.   Panchsheel was subsequently adopted in a series of resolutions and declarations around the world. The Panchsheel Agreement is part of mutual relations and trade between India and Tibet on the territory of China.
Finally, I would like to say that the five principles should not wait for a revision of the United Nations system, since the fundamental concepts of the five principles are already contained in the Charter, they can be improved taking into account the drastic technical changes that took place during the Cold War, globalization, the growing rupture between rich and poor countries. , the diversity of internal wars and the unilateralism of the politics of the lone superpower.